Neuromuscular Disorders

Neuromuscular Disorders

Neuromuscular disorders generally affect the nerves that take control over voluntary muscles and the nerves that send/communicate sensory information back to the brain. Neurons (nerve cells) receive and send electrical messages to and from the body to help control the voluntary muscles. When the neurons die or become unhealthy, the communication between the nervous system and muscles breaks down. Consequently, muscles weaken and waste away.

In such cases, it is extremely difficult for the patient to control movement in the affected area, for instance arms or legs. This condition may tend to be progressive in nature and leads to muscle weakness and fatigue. Neuromuscular disorders are generally caused by genetic reasons or due to abnormal immune response, inflammation and tumor. At times there is no known cause for the onset of this condition. Muscular dystrophies, peripheral motor neuron diseases and myopathies are few conditions caused by neuromuscular disorder.


Signs and Symptoms of neuromuscular disorder include:

  • Muscle weakness that can lead to twitching, cramps, aches and pains
  • Muscle loss
  • Movement issues
  • Balance problems
  • Numbness, tingling or painful sensations
  • Droopy eyelids
  • Double vision
  • Trouble with swallowing or Trouble breathing


At Citi Neuro Centre, our professional team has years of experience to comprehensively evaluate, accurately diagnose and correctly treat varied types of neuromuscular disorders.

Here are comprehensive services offered by our expert specialists to treat neuromuscular disorders:

  • Using our modern technology we can thoroughly conduct electrodiagnostic tests (electromyography, nerve conduction studies, ultrasound and neurophysiological evaluation) to confirm the diagnosis of neuromuscular disorder a patient is suffering from.
  • We have the latest technology including single-fiber electromyography (EMG) and repetetive nerve stimulation studies which help us to detect nerve-to-muscle messaging.
  • Muscle biopsy and nerve biopsy are performed to confirm the diagnosis.
  • We provide effective treatments which include – drug therapy, immunosuppressive therapy and plasmapheresis
  • We managing the underlying disorders like diabetes , helping in controlling the neuromuscular disorders.
  • During emergency cases where a patient is diagnosed with acute neuromuscular paralysis like Guillain – Barre syndrome, Myasthenia crisis and Tick paralysis, round the clock neurospecialists are available to provide disease specific care to patients in our Neurointensive Care Unit (NICU)
  • We offer rehabilitation programs such as speech therapy, physiotherapy, counselling, adaptive devices, and occupational therapy to help patients adapt and lead a good quality life.
  • When required, surgery can be performed by our expert surgeons to treat disorders such as myasthenia gravis


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